iPhone web app performance

iPhone web applications

The Exceptional Performance group at Yahoo! just released a detailed performance analysis of web applications on the iPhone. Yahoo! analyzed the full capabilities of the iPhone’s Safari browser including browser cache and transfer speeds.

Cache persistence

The Safari browser on iPhone allocates memory from the shared system memory but does not save web content into persistent storage. Any cached objects (CSS, JavaScript, images, etc.) are removed from memory on reboot.

Optimal component size

Safari for iPhone will only cache files 25 KB or smaller served using the Expires explicit expiration time or Cache-Control max-age directive HTTP headers. Safari decodes the file before saving it cache, meaning your total unzipped file size must squeeze under the 25 KB ceiling to hit the cache. Components already in cache are only replaced by new cacheable components using the least recently used algorithm.

Safari for iPhone is able to cache a maximum of 19 external components, placing a maximum cache limit at around 475 KB.

Download speed

Yahoo! found typical download iPhone download speeds vary from 82 kbps to 150 kbps when connected to a GSM cellular data network. Wi-Fi connections over an 802.11b/g networks obviously speed up the experience, but pages should assume cellular data load times when designing for a compelling user experience.

Summary

Works with iPhone logoWeb applications built for the iPhone’s Safari browser need to specifically target web performance these small devices and special cache rules. Desktop browser best practices such as zipped components and combined files for CSS and JavaScript may be too bloated for the Safari mobile browser. A few tips:

  • Limit cacheable components to a decompressed size of 25 KB or less
  • Limit yourself to 19 or less cached components
  • Minify CSS and JavaScript for slimmer file weights.
  • Use CSS sprites to combine multiple small images into a shared image under 25 KB
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  • Comments [4]

4 comments

Commentary on "iPhone web app performance":

  1. Nate Koechley on wrote:

    Excellent summary of their findings, Niall. Thanks for boiling it down.

  2. the constant skeptic on wrote:

    Great info. I hope a firmware update will allow a configurable cache limit setting.

  3. Johan on wrote:

    Any news regarding iPhone OS 3.0 regarding the Safari cache limits?

  4. Carlos on wrote:

    Yes, the news is in the OS 3.1 you don’t have 25KB limitation, you have 15KB limitation.